al-Wada'ah - the Final Sermon
In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
The Prophet Muhammad delivered this
sermon, his last, on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah, 10 A.H. in
the 'Uranah valley of Mount Arafat in Makkah. It is mentioned
in almost all books of Hadith. Varous Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari
refer to the sermon and quote parts of it. The Sahih of Imam
Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi
has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam
Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most
complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774.
This Khutbah of the Prophet-peace
be upon him- was long and it contained much guidance and instructions
on many issues. It was delivered before a large gathering of
people during the Hajj.
After praising, and thanking Allah, the Prophet (pbuh) said:
"O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether
after this year, I shall ever be among you again. Therefore listen
to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words
to those who could not be present here today.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city
as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as
a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful
owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that
you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon
your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest),
therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived.
Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict
nor suffer any inequity. Allah has judged that there shall be
no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib
(Prophet's uncle) shall henceforth be waived...
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost
all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big
things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard
to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that
you have taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and
with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them
belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Treat your
women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and
committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make
friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never
to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your
five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan,
and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford
All mankind is (descended) from Adam and Eve; an Arab has
no superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any
superiority over an Arab; a white has no superiority over a black,
nor does a black have any superiority over a white, except by
piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to
every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.
Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow
Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore,
do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before Allah and answer
for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness
after I am gone.
O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no
new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O People, and
understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two
things, the Qur'an and my Sunnah; if you follow these you will
never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others
and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my
words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness,
O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people."