OF THE PROPHET ACCORDING
TO THE QUR'AN
AND THE SUNNAH
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent,
Indeed, all praises are due to Allah.
We praise Him, seek His Aid, and beg for His Forgiveness. We
seek refuge in Allah from the evil in ourselves and from the
evil outcomes of our deeds. Whomsoever, Allah, Ta 'Ala, guides,
no one and nothing can take that person astray. Whomsoever, Allah,
Ta 'Ala, takes astray, no one or nothing can guide that person.
I bear witness that there is nothing worthy of worship except
Allah who is alone without any associates. I bear witness that
Muhammad ibnu 'Abd Allah (SAAW) is Allah's 'Abd (slave) and Messenger.
Allah has commanded in the Qur'an (what
means): "O you who believe! Have Taqwah (true fear of Allah)
according to His right and die not except that you are a Muslim.
O Mankind! Have Taqwah of your Lord. The One Who created you
from a single soul and from him He created his mate and from
them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through
Whom you demand your mutual rights and do not cut off the ties
of kinship; surely Allah is ever a Raqeeb (All-Watcher) over
you. O you who believe! Have Taqwah of Allah and always speak
the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and
will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His
Messenger (SAAW) he has indeed achieved a great achievement."
Verily, the best speech is the Book
of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad ibnu
'Abd Allah (SAAW). The worst of all affairs in this Diyn are
innovations. Every innovation is a Bid'ah and every Bid'ah is
a going astray and every going astray is in the Hell Fire.
DEVELOPING TRUE LOVE FOR ALLAH'S MESSENGER (SAAW):
Having the proper love for Allah's Messenger (SAAW) is a must
for any Muslim who is striving to please his/her Lord and who
seeks his/her Lord's Forgiveness. Learning how to properly apply
this love for the last Nabee (SAAW) is to properly implement
the testimony: wa ash hadu ana Muhammadan rusulu Allah (SAAW).
Indeed, one cannot just say he/she loves the Prophet (SAAW) while
his/her actions and 'Aqeedah are fundamentaly against what the
Prophet (SAAW) brought (i.e. the Qur'an and the authentic Sunnah).
Hence, the first step in the process of developing this love
is to acknowledge that the Prophet (SAAW) has a claim over the
Allah has said in the Qur'an (what means): "The Prophet
(SAAW) is closer to the believers than their ownselves..."
Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah (Rahimullah), one of the great scholars
of this Ummah, relates that this Ayah means the Prophet (SAAW)
has a "higher claim" on the believers than they have
on themselves. This claim involves two important matters:
1. WE CONSIDER ALLAH'S MESSENGER (SAAW) TO BE DEARER THAN
OUR OWN SELVES.
This is so because this claim is based on love. One has the
most claim to oneself for one loves oneself more than anything.
Thus, a person knows what types of foods, clothing, etc. he/she
likes to eat, drink, etc. more than all others. However, when
it comes to Islam, we know that Allah knows us better than we
know ourselves; thus, we submit to Him and His Orders. We it
comes to the Prophet (SAAW), we are to love him more than our
own selves; thus, we too put his commandments above our own opinions,
Once this true love is established, compliance, obedience,
satisfication with his (SAAW) jugdements, and other matters related
to true love will follow. This is confirmed in the following
authentic Haadith found in Sahih Al-Bukhari:
Narrated 'Abd Allah bin Hisham: 'We were with the Prophet
(SAAW) and he was holding the hand of 'Umar ibnu Al-Khattab (RAA).
'Umar said to him, "O Allah's Messenger (SAAW)! You are
dearer to me than everything except my ownself." Allah's
Messenger (SAAW) said: "No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul
is, (you will not have complete Faith) untill I am dearer to
you than your ownself." Then 'Umar (RAA) said: "However,
now, by Allah, you are dearer to me than my ownself." He
(SAAW) then said: "Now, O 'Umar, (now you are a believer)."
LESSONS FROM THIS HADITH:
A. The Negation and Affirmation:
The Prophet (SAAW) negates (i.e. rejects, denies) that a person
can have complete Imaan with his statement, "No, by Him
in Whose Hand my soul is...". Thus, the affirmation, or
condition of having complete Imaan, follows: "...until I
am dearer to you than your ownself...". Therefore, the Muslim
will never attain true Imaan unless he/she considers the Prophet
(SAAW) to be dearer to him/her than everything including one's
B. Character of the Sahabah:
Upon hearing that true Imaan can only be achieved through
loving the Messenger (SAAW) more than everything, including one's
self, 'Umar (RAA) quickly complied with the commandment of the
Prophet (SAAW). The Sahabah wasted no time in doing those acts
which were pleasing to Allah and His Messeger (SAAW).
2. SECOND IMPORTANT MATTER:
The Messenger (SAAW) has more rule over an individual than
that individual has over his/herself. This means that a person
only does those actions which are in accordance with the Book
of Allah and the authentic Sunnah of His Messenger (SAAW).
Therefore, three critical conditions must be fulfilled in
order for a deed to be accepted:
a. One must confess his/her belief in Islam (i.e. one must
be a Muslim). b. One must have Ikhlaas of the Niyah (i.e. purity
of the intention). c. One must do that deed in accordance with
the Book of Allah and the authentic Sunnah of His Messenger (SAAW).
If one of these conditions are not meet, that person's deed
will not benefit him/her in the least. Of course, absence of
knowledge is always an exception (eg. a person may make Wudhu
but does not know the specific parts of the body that are to
be washed; thus, he/she washes those parts which he/she thinks
to be significant. His/her Wudhu was not done in accordance with
the Book and the Sunnah; however, he/she did not know the way
to make Wudhu according to the Book and the Sunnah; hence, their
Wudhu would be accepted for a and b were fulfilled, wa Allahu
'alam). These are the conditions which the Salaaf As-Salih (Pious
Predecessors) understood with regards to the acceptance and rejection
of a deed.
Another implications of the testimony: Muhammad is the Messenger
of Allah (SAAW).
BELIEF THAT HE (SAAW) WAS SENT TO ALL OF MANKIND AND THE
Verily, Allah, azza wa jall, has said in the Qur'an (what
means): "Say (O Muhammad SAAW): O mankind! Verily, I am
sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah - to Whom belongs the
dominion of the Heavens and the Earth. La illaha illa Huwa (none
has the right to be worshipped but He). It is He Who gives life
and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger (SAAW),
the Prophet who can neither read nor write, who believes in Allah
and His Words, and follow him so that you may be guided."
The prophet (SAAW) said (what means): "And the Prophets
were formerly sent to their people only, whereas I have been
sent to all mankind." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Therefore, recognizing that he (SAAW) was sent as a mercy
to all of mankind will, Inshallah, help kindle the proper love
for him which will be manifested through obedience to his rulings.
FINALITY OF HIS PROPHETHOOD
Indeed, there is no Messenger/Prophet after Muhammd ibnu 'Abd
Allah (SAAW) as Allah, Ta 'Ala, says in His Book (what means):
"Muhammad (SAAW) is not the father of any man among you,
but he is the Messenger of Allah, and the last (end) of the Prophets.
Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything." [Al-Ahzab: 40].
The Prophet (SAAW) has said (what means): "And the line
of the Prophets is closed with me." [Muslim].
Believing that Muhammad (SAAW) is the final Messenger of Allah
confirms Allah's statement (what means): "...This day, I
have perfected your religion for you, completed my Favour upon
you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion..."
[Al-Ma'idah:3 (in part)]. Thus, if Islam were not a complete
way of life, then this religion would need to be constantly updated.
In order to update this religion, there would have to be another
Prophet after Muhammad (SAAW). However, this is not so as Allah
completed this Diyn and it can never be changed from its true
BELIEVING THAT HE (SAAW) HAS BEEN GIVEN TWO (2) RELELATIONS
Al-Hamdulilah, Allah, azza wa jall, has give the Prophet (SAAW)
two revelations as understood by the Minhaj of the Ahlus Sunnah
Wal Juma'ah. These are, of course, the Qur'an and the authentic
Sunnah. Allah confirms this with His saying (what means):
"Nor does he (Muhammad SAAW) speak of his own desire.
It is only an Inspiration that is inspired." [An-Najm: 3-4].
"Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers
when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad SAAW) from among
themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur'an), and purifying
them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them
(in) the Book (the Qur'an) and Al-Hikmah (the wisdom and the
Sunnah of the Prophet SAAW - i.e. his legal ways, statements,
actions, etc.), while before that they had been in manifest error."
The Prophet (SAAW) has also said (what means): "I have,
indeed, been given the Qur'an and something like it along with
it (i.e. his Sunnah)." [Abu Dawud].
Thus, there is no mere choice between following the Sunnah
and not following it. It has been sent down as part of revelation;
thus, it must be adhered to in full. It is adhered to the way
the Prophet (SAAW) explained it and the way the Sahabah understood
it. Allah confirms this with His saying (what means):
"We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by the permission
"Obey Allah, and the Messenger (SAAW). But if they turn
away (then know), that Allah loves not the infidels." [Al-'Imran:
THE PROPHET HAS RIGHTS UPON HIS FOLLOWERS
These rights are: 1. We believe in what the Prophet Muhammad
(SAAW) has said. 2. We obey him in what has been commanded and
forsake what he has forbidden or discouraged. 3. We worship Allah
according to the Shar'iah of His Messenger (SAAW), not by whims
and Bid'ah (innovations). 4. We judge ourselves by the Shar'iah
of Prophet Muhammad (SAAW), and not by any other law. 5. We love
Allah's Messenger (SAAW) more than our parents, children, all
of mankind, indeed our very selves.
Allah has confirmed the above with His statement (what means):
"Say (to them O Muhammad SAAW): If you love Allah, follow
me, and Allah will love you, and forgive you your sins; Allah
is All-Forgiving, All-Merciful. Say: Obey Allah, and the Messenger
(SAAW), but if they turn away (then know), that Allah loves not
the infidels." [Al-'Imran: 31-32].
"And let those who oppose his (Muhammad's SAAW) command
beware, lest a trail befall them (that will lead them to Kuffur)
or a painful punishment be inflicted on them." [An-Nur:
"You have indeed a good example in the Messenger of Allah
(SAAW) for whosoever hopes for Allah and the Last Day, and remembers
Allah much." [Al-Ahzab: 21].
"It is not for any believer, man or woman, when Allah
and His Messenger (SAAW) have decreed a matter, to have the choice
in their affair. And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger
(SAAW) he has gone astray into manifest error." [Al-Ahzab:
"But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until
they make you (O Muhammad SAAW) judge in all disputes between
them, and find in their souls no resistance against your decisions,
but accept (them) fully with submission." [An-Nisa: 65].
Thus, we see in this last Ayah that Allah negates that a person
can have Imaan unless that person makes the Prophet (SAAW) judge
in *all* affairs and that we accept his (SAAW) decisions with
submission. This Ayah is indeed serious as Allah swears to this
negation with His saying (what means), "But no, by your
The Prophet (SAAW) stressed the importance of obeying and
following his Sunnah with his saying (what means):
"All of my people will enter Jennah except those who
refuse." When asked about those who refuse, he said: "He
who obeys me will enter Jennah, while he who disobeys me has
He (SAAW) also said (what means): "If anyone introduces
into this affair of ours anything which does not belong to it,
it is rejected." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
And: "None of you believes untill I am dearer to him
than his father, his child, and all of mankind." [Al-Bukhari
And: "There are qualities for which anyone who is characterized
by them will experiece the sweetness of Imaan: he to whom Allah
and His Messenger (SAAW) are dearer than all else; he who loves
a human being for Allah's Sake alone; and who has as great an
abhorrence of returning to Kuffur (disbelief) after Allah has
rescued him from it as he has being cast into the Hell Fire."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Although the Prophet (SAAW) is the best of examples and following
his Sunnah is obligatory, we must remember that it is not right
to overpraise him (SAAW) as he was not divine, but a man. Some
deviant sects of Islam direct their 'Ibaadah to the Prophet (SAAW);
however, this is Shirk Al-Akbar (association in the highest degree)
which will not be forgiven unless that person makes sincere Tawbah
before his/her death.
A MAN AND NOT DIVINE
Allah says (what means):
"Say (O Muhammad SAAW): I am only a man like you: it
is revealed to me that your God is One God: So, let him who hopes
for the meeting with his Lord, do righteousness, and not associate
anything in the worship of hsi Lord." [Al-Kahf: 111].
The Prophet (SAAW) said (what means): "Do not overpraise
me as the Christians overpraised the son of Mary (i.e. 'Isa AS).
I am His slave, so say: Allah's slave and Messenger." [Al-Bukhari
SENDING SALAAT AND SALAAM UPON THE NABEE (SAAW)
This is an action which the believer are commanded to do as
Allah says in the Qur'an (what means):
"Indeed, Allah and His angels send Salaat (i.e. Allah
mentions the Prophet's SAAW name in the presence of the angels)
upon the Prophet (SAAW). O you who believe! Send your Salaat
and your Salaam upon him (ie. by saying Salla Allahu 'alaihi
wa sallam, etc.)." [Al-Ahzab: 56].