The Benefits and Dangers of Marriage
Reprinted from Ummah.com
The main benefits of marriage are:
1. Seeking children. Marriage contributes to the building of society, propagation of the human race, and increasing the numbers of Muslims.
2. Pleasing the Prophet (pbuh), by increasing the numbers of his followers.
"Marry the loving and child-bearing, for I shall outnumber the nations by you on the Day of Resurrection." (Ahmad. A similar narration has been recorded by al-Bayhaqi and al-Tabarani, and Hafiz ibn Hajar cited it in "al-Fath" indicating that it is hasan or sahih according to him)
3. Seeking blessings through a righteous child through his Dua and other good deeds on your behalf after your death, or should the child die young then through his intercession.
"When the son of Adam dies, his good deeds come to an end, except from three [sources] : perennial charity (sadaqah jariyah), knowledge from which benefit is obtained, and a pious child who prays for him." [Riyad al-Saliheen]
Other benefits are:
4. Protection from Satan through legitimate channelling of the sex drive, thereby saving oneself and ones spouse from related sins.
5. Peace of mind and companionship, development of love and mercy between the spouses.
6. Development of ties between families.
7. Sharing of tasks in the household, such that the overall burden on each person is less.
8. Inculcation of a sense of responsibility and improvement of ones self through expending effort and making sacrifices for the protection and welfare of ones family, taking care of their needs (physical, material, emotional, spiritual), and bearing inconveniences and each others faults patiently.
Dangers of Marriage
At the same time, there are potential dangers to marriage, which one must watch beware of and try to avoid.
Among them :
1. Failure to earn halal income, such that one turns to increasing his income through haram means, in the effort to spend on ones family.
2. Failure to fulfil the duties of marriage, in particular the rights of the wife, or failure to be patient with its difficulties.
"Every one of you is a guardian, and every one of you is liable to be questioned about those in his care. The man is a guardian with regard to his family, and is liable to be questioned about those in his care. The woman is a guardian with respect to her husband's house, and is liable to be questioned about that in her care. So, every one of you is a guardian, and every one of you is liable to be questioned about those in his care." (Bukhari, Muslim)
3. Being distracted by ones family from religious obligations, such that one spends his days and nights in enjoyment with them without caring to ponder over the Hereafter to work for it.
"O you who believe! Let not your wealth or your children distract you from the remembrance of Allah. And whoever does that, they are the losers." [Quran, 63:9]
"A dinar which you spend in the path of Allah, a dinar which you spend [to free] a slave, a dinar which you give as sadaqah to a needy person, and a dinar which you spend on your family: the most superior of these is the one which you spend on your family."
Our Lord! Grant us spouses and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and makes us leaders for the pious. O Allah! Grant blessings and peace to our Messenger Muhammad, and to his Household and Companions.